Plumbing: Water savings

You pay for any water from a public water supply. You pay either a monthly or yearly bill based on your consumption as registered by a water meter or taxes fixed by local government to pay for community usage. The renter pays for it as a portion of his rent. In any case, then, saving water supplies is a part of good economy.

. There are several causes of waste in the piping system. Some general rules which will reduce loss and the resultant bills follow:

  1. When closing your home for an extended period of time, turn the water supply off, preferably at the valve cock outside the house.
  2. Inspect water meters frequently to see whether they are functioning properly. Faulty meters are often the cause of overly large bills. Report damaged meters to local water register bureaus immediately.
  3. Look for bidden leaks by occasionally closing all outlets and then observing the meter to see whether it continues to register.
  4. Check all water-closet supply lines for interior leaks, a common source of water wastage that is not always visible. You can frequently detect leaks by listening carefully both to the tank and to the pipe leading from the tank.
  5. Make sure that installations of hot and cold water piping are kept at least a foot apart. Otherwise, heat will be transferred to the cold water piping, making excess runoffs at the cold water faucet necessary whenever you want cool water.
  6. Beware of filling a water tank used for storage to overflowing. An automatic shut-off, such as a ball cock, will prevent overflow.
  7. Do not run faucets during winter weather to prevent freezing. This practice is usually against local regulations.
  8. Check the water supply system periodically. Look for damp areas on walls, floors, and ceilings as indications of hidden leaks; check runs of piping for sagging and proper support; keep the area around the water meter clear and the meter itself free of dirt and dust.

Even the smallest leaks can be costly over a long period of time. For !example, a hole only 1/32" in diameter loses more water in a day than the average person uses. It loses up to 170 gallons in 24 hours. A leak twice that size loses 380 gallons daily and one three times that size loses about 1,530 gallons each day. The 1/32" hole wastes 76,000 gallons a year. If such a leak is in the hot water line, you will have wasted a great deal of fuel in addition to the water that is lost.

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