In planning the arrangement of any room, the location of doors and windows is of paramount importance if fixtures, furniture, and appliances are to be placed so as to take advantage of natural light and convenience of entering and exiting.
To simplify kitchen planning, we have listed five of the more common room arrangements from the point of a basic floor plan. Though your specific kitchen area may not be in exactly the same position, by orienting these plans through either a 90' or 180' turn, you should be able to find the one that fits your kitchen.
The first basic type has a door at one en and a window on the, opposite wall. The second has the door on one of its long sides and windows on the opposite wall and one of the shorter walls. In the third plan, doorsare at opposite ends, and the window is on the long side.
The fourth type has the window on one of the opposite walls with doors on two adjacent walls. The fifth basic room plan has doors on opposite walls with the window on the same wall as one of the doors. Variations in these rooms may include a second window in any wall designated above as being blank.
Sequence of work centers
The normal progression of work centers is from right to left for righthanded persons, and left to right for left-handed persons. By placing these areas in this sequence, the housewife has her work reduced to a minimum.
Regardless of whether you start from the right or left end, however, the order of work centers is (1) receiving and storing, (2) cleaning and preparing, (3) cooking and serving. The basic room plan of the kitchen may cause some realignment, though, as both storage requirements and natural lighting may require the sacrificing of this order.
As reducing unnecessary steps is a basic part of sound kitchen planning, appliances should be arranged with this in mind. In the average kitchen, the refrigerator should be between 4 to 7 feet from the sink and 4 to 9 feet from the range. The sink and range should not be more than 6 or 7 feet apart.
You can test the efficiency of your kitchen by laying out a triangle on your kitchen floor with the center of each appliance acting as one of the three points. If the total length of the three sides of the triangle is no more than 20 to 24 feet, your kitchen is well laid out. If your appliances are all along one wall, the total distance from one end to the other should be somewhat less. No through-the-room traffic should pass through this triangle, as this would interfere with kitchen work.